On 1941, there was a Nazi coup d'etat to throw the Iraqi government by Rashid Ali El-gailani, aimed by the Nazi and Jew-hater, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin El-husseini. The new government was a Nazi
one and aligned itself with Germany.At the time of the Jewish Holiday of Shavuot "Festival of Harvest" 1st and 2nd of June 1941, the Huge mob of muslim inflamed by the hatred of Jews and the Nazi propaganda marched towards the Jewish quarters in baghdad. Many of them were armed with guns and knives, machetes and clubs. Others were brandishing raping, while shouting: "kill the Jews". Iraqi policemen joined, while shops belonging to Jews burnt and synagogues destroyed. more than 250 people were killed or slaughters and more than 2000 injured. The attack was vicious and beastly. The horrible cries of the killed, injured and raped were echoing from the houses and added to the fear of the old and young. After three days of this pogrom, luckily, came to an end, when the Iraqi army interfered and threw out the Gailani Nazi government and. many of the members were arrested.This period called by Jews 'Farhud'' which denotes the breakdown of the law and order' when life and property are in peril.